Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that weakens the immune system making the body susceptible to opportunistic diseases that leads to death through these secondary infections. The body would not be able to recover from these secondary infections. HIV is spread through contact with the blood, semen, vaginal fluid or breast milk of a person infected with HIV. In Africa, the predominant mode of transmission is through heterosexual contact and the peri-natal transmission.
This study tried to evaluate the level of knowledge of HIV transmission. This knowledge is key in prevention of HIV transmission. The study also evaluated the impact of the knowledge on the sexual activities.
This report is based on the second South Sudan Household Health Survey conducted in 2010 by the Ministry of Health and National Bureau of Statistics.